Detail Cantuman Kembali


Early human symbolic behavior in the Late Pleistocene of Wallacea

Wallacea, the zone of oceanic islands separating the continental regions of Southeast Asia and Australia, has yielded sparse evidence for the symbolic culture of early modern humans. Here we report evidence for symbolic activity 30,000–22,000 y ago at Leang Bulu Bettue, a cave and rock-shelter site on the Wallacean island of Sulawesi. We describe hitherto undocumented practices of personal ornamentation and portable art, alongside evidence for pigment processing and use in deposits that are the same age as dated rock art in the surrounding karst region. Previously, assemblages of multiple and diverse types of Pleistocene “symbolic” artifacts were entirely unknown from this region. The Leang Bulu Bettue assemblage provides insight into the complexity and diversification of modern human culture during a key period in the global dispersal of our species. It also shows that early inhabitants of Sulawesi fashioned ornaments from body parts of endemic animals, suggesting modern humans integrated exotic faunas and other novel resources into their symbolic world as they colonized the biogeographically unique regions southeast of continental Eurasia.
Oktaviana, Adhi Agus - Personal Name
Hasliana - Personal Name
Hasrianti - Personal Name
Shinatria Adhityatama - Personal Name
Gerrit D. van den Bergh - Personal Name
Maxime Aubert - Personal Name
Jian-xin Zhao - Personal Name
Jillian Huntley - Personal Name
Bo Li - Personal Name
Richard G. Roberts - Personal Name
E. Wahyu Saptomo - Personal Name
Yinika Perston - Personal Name
Andi Pampang Mubarak - Personal Name
Abdullah - Personal Name
Andi Jusdi - Personal Name
Adam Brumm - Personal Name
Michelle C. Langley - Personal Name
Mark W. Moore - Personal Name
Budianto Hakim - Personal Name
Muhammad Ramli - Personal Name
Iwan Sumantri - Personal Name
Basran Burhan - Personal Name
Andi Muhammad Saiful - Personal Name
Linda Siagian - Personal Name
Suryatman - Personal Name
Ratno Sardi - Personal Name
Rainer Grün - Personal Name
Online ISSN 1091-649
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS)
Amerika Serikat